Based at Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) Base Amberley, Queensland, No. 1 Squadron forms part of No. 82 Wing and operates the F/A-18F Super Hornet.
No. 1 Squadron was the first unit to transition to the F/A-18F Super Hornet and is the first designated Super Hornet squadron outside of the United States of America.
No. 1 Squadron delivers combat airpower in various forms including, air-to-air, air-to-ground and air-to-surface strike capabilities.
The RAAF F/A-18F Super Hornet gives Australia an upgraded air combat capability for both air-to-air and air-to-ground missions until the full introduction into service of the F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter (JSF). Twenty-four Super Hornets have replaced the F-111s at Nos 1 and 6 Squadrons at RAAF Base Amberley.
No 1 Squadron operates the F/A-18F Super Hornet fighter aircraft, capable of air-to-air and air-to-ground missions.
The RAAF F/A-18F Super Hornet gives Australia an upgraded air combat capability until the full introduction into service of the F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter (JSF).
No 1 Squadron has recently been deployed as part of Australia's Air Task Group (ATG) and has conducted air combat and support operations in Iraq and Syria. The ATG is operating within a US-led international coalition assembled to disrupt and degrade Deash (also known as ISIL).
Through these operations the coalition is working to protect the people of Iraq with the full permission of the Iraqi Government.
The ATG consists of six Royal Australian Air Force F/A-18 Hornets, an E-7A Wedgetail Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) aircraft and a KC-30A Multi Role Tanker Transport (MRTT).
Following a request from the British Government in September 1915, Australia formed its own independent aviation force - The Australian Flying Corps (AFC). The AFC was an Army formation and part of the First Australian Imperial Force. On 1 January 1916, Lieutenant Colonel E.H. Reynolds was appointed as the first Commanding Officer of No. 1 Squadron of the AFC.
When the RAAF was formed in 1921, No. 1 Squadron (RAAF) inherited the proud traditions and the heritage from No. 1 Squadron of the AFC.
When war broke out in September 1939, No. 1 Squadron carried out patrols searching for the German ships "Lahn" and "Strassfort" off the Victorian Coast.
On December 1940, No. 1 Squadron was the first allied aircraft to spot the Japanese invasion fleet heading for northern Malaysia. Subsequently No. 1 Squadron was tasked to strike the first blows against Japan. Heavy losses of aircraft on the ground forced the withdrawal of No. 1 Squadron to Sumatra in 1942, from where reconnaissance and bombing sorties were mounted.
Finally, in March 1942, No. 1 Squadron returned to Australia with its remaining 3 Hudsons. The Commanding Officer and about 150 men were taken prisoner in Java, where they had been stranded, only half of those captured survived.
Two years later, the Squadron re-equipped with Bristol Beauforts and was involved in a major raid against Japanese shore installations in Timor in April 1944.
In January 1945, No. 1 Squadron was re-equipped with Mosquitoes with its last operation for in the war being the bombing raid on 8 August 1945 in Kuching. Two aircraft were lost.
The Squadron then returned to Australia and was disbanded in 1946.
On 23 February 1948, No. 12 Squadron, which was operating Australian-built Lincoln Bombers, was re-numbered No.1 Squadron which began another chapter in the history of the "Fighting First".
From 1950–1958, No. 1 Squadron was based in Singapore, and flew missions against communist guerrillas during the Malayan Emergency. Following its return to Australia in July 1958, the squadron was re-equipped with the Canberra jet bomber.
In 1968, No. 1 Squadron personnel departed for the United States of America to convert onto the Canberra's replacement, the F-111 swing-wing fighter-bomber. Technical difficulties delayed delivery of the F-111C and so the F4E Phantom was leased as an interim replacement between 1970 and 1973.
No. 1 Squadron operated the F-111 between 1973 and 2010 in the low-level strike role, simulating attacks on land and maritime targets.
On 03 March 2007, the Australian Government announced the acquisition of 24 F/A-18F Super Hornets to replace the F-111. On 26 March 2010, F/A-18F Super Hornets began to arrive and on 03 December, the F-111 formally retired from service.
On 21 October 2011, No. 1 Squadron received the latest of its F/A-18Fs to complete its transition from F-111 operations.