The Royal Australian Air Force's Surveillance and Response Group is responsible for:
all of the Air Forces air surveillance assets
aerospace, surveillance and battle space management
developing intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) and electronic warfare (EW) capabilities.
Surveillance and Response Group has over 2100 personnel spread across Australia working in the following areas:
No 41 Wing (Air Defence)
No 42 Wing (Airborne Early Warning and Control)
No 44 Wing (Air Traffic Control)
No 92 Wing (Maritime Operations).
Surveillance and Response Group (SRG) was formed on 30 March 2004 by merging the former Surveillance and Control and Maritime Patrol Groups. Its motto is 'Foremost Sentinel', which encapsulates the group's contribution as the early warning and response capability of the Australian Defence Force.
Headquarters Surveillance and Response Group is at RAAF Base Williamtown, NSW. Its personnel are responsible for personnel management, capability management and development, technical capability and business management.
No 41 Wing (41WG) based at RAAF Base Williamtown, commands all of the Air Defence operational and training units. Spanning across Australia, these units include 3 Control and Reporting Unit (3CRU) and Surveillance and Control Training Unit (SACTU) located in Williamtown; 114 Mobile Control and Reporting Unit (114 MCRU) in Darwin and 1 Radar and Surveillance Unit (1 RSU) in Adelaide. SACTU provides the training for Air Combat Officers and Air Surveillance Operators to enable them to perform effective air battle management and surveillance operations. 41 Wing headquarters is chiefly responsible for tasking of its subordinate units in order to provide continuous wide-area surveillance, airspace control and execution of air battle management operations.
No 42 Wing (42WG) reformed on 1 January 2006 and is located at RAAF Base Williamtown. The Wing will deliver the ‘Wedgetail’ Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) capability for the Air Force. This capability incorporates independent air and support operations in the maritime and land environments, with 2SQN supporting the aircraft and project at Williamtown. The AEW&C aircraft represents an entirely new capability for the ADF, providing a platform that will gather information from a wide variety of sources, analyse it and distribute it to all friendly air and surface assets. AEW&C will control the tactical battle space, providing direction for fighter aircraft, surface combatants and land based elements, as well as supporting aircraft such as tankers and intelligence platforms.
No 44 Wing (44WG), headquartered at RAAF Base Williamtown, commands all of the Air Traffic Control (ATC) detachments of which there are eleven across Australia. 44WG also commands the ATC Technical Ground Electronic Services (GES) workforce. 44WG through its detachments is responsible for the delivery of aerodrome and radar control services to Army, Navy and Air Force and also for the provision of tactical control of forward airfields, battlefield aviation and other airspace activity, both within Australia and for operational deployments. 44WG personnel have been actively involved in a number of recent operations including Sudan, East Timor, Iraq/Middle East, Solomon Islands and Indonesia. Their roles have ranged from active operational duties to peacekeeping and humanitarian missions.
Headquartered at RAAF Base Edinburgh, No 92 Wing (92WG) has long been established as the first Maritime Wing in the history of the Royal Australian Air Force. 92 WG commands two flying squadrons, Nos 10 and 11 Squadrons, a training unit, No 292 Squadron; an operational detachment, 92WG Detachment A at Butterworth, Malaysia; and a number of operational support and development elements. Operating AP-3C and P3 Orion aircraft, 92WG’s combat roles include anti submarine and anti surface surveillance and warfare for which the aircraft are equipped with torpedoes and Harpoon anti shipping missiles. The Wing is also responsible for conducting long range intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions in support of Australia’s national interests worldwide. 92 WG is also responsible for search and survivor supply missions throughout Australia’s region of responsibility.