In a military context, Capability is the power to achieve a desired operational effect. Capability is much more than just the aircraft or training personnel to operate equipment. Capability describes the optimum combination of the organisation, its personnel, collective training, major systems, supplies, facilities and training areas, logistics, support, command and management required to deliver a sustained effect, at the right time, in the right way, for an extended period.
The Chief of Air Force is responsible for generating air power effects for the security of Australia. The Chief of Air Force is also responsible for reporting and declaring Initial Operational Capability (IOC) and Final Operational Capability (FOC) for Air Force's capabilities.
IOC and FOC are major project milestones in the acquisition and in-service process for new capabilities. Because different capabilities produce different effects, the requirements for IOC and FOC will differ for each capability. Capability development and the acquisition process is complex, so IOC and FOC is normally achieved in phases. Air Force undertakes extensive operational, test and evaluation activities before the Chief of Air Force makes a decision to declare IOC or FOC for a capability.
IOC can be declared when one or more subsets of the capability can be deployed on operations. IOC considers the personnel, training, major systems, supplies, facilities and training areas, logistics, support, command and management required to deliver the subset of capability required.
Final Operational Capability is declared when the entire capability can be deployed on operations. FOC considers the personnel, training, major systems, supplies, facilities and training areas, logistics, support, command and management required to deliver the full capability required.
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