Equipped with Ventura light bombers, 464 Squadron formed in England in September 1942. The squadrons first operation in December saw three bombers lost to anti-aircraft fire, however, the bombing accuracy demonstrated by the Ventura crews resulted in considerable damage to the target.
From April 1943 operations were concentrated against French targets, with the squadron flying high or medium level formation bombing and provided with a strong fighter escort, squadron loses were minimal.
In July, 464 Squadron converted to Mosquitoes and recommenced operations in October, when twelve aircraft seriously damaged the power station at Mur-De-Bretagne.Long range fighter and attack operations continued by day and night for the remainder of 1943, with a number of German fighters being shot down.
From 1944, intensive operations against V-1 launching sites and storage facilities commenced. These targets were well defended and, due to their small size, difficult to hit. Having established a reputation for its extremely accurate attacks in these sites, 464 Squadron was selected to participate in an attack on the Amiens Prison - where hundreds of French Resistance fighters were about to be executed. 464 Squadron mosquitoes attacked the guards barracks while two other squadrons attacked the prison walls. The precision raid was very successful with hundreds of prisoners escaping through the breached walls.
In support of the Allied invasion of Europe, 464 Squadron attacks were concentrated against road traffic and communications targets, including a number of highly accurate and successful attacks against Gestapo sites throughout France.
The squadron flew its last mission on 2 May 1945, and following the end of hostilities flew the German Commander to Berlin to sign the surrender agreement on behalf of Germany. After participating in a number of victory fly pasts 464 Squadron disbanded in Belgium on 27 September 1945.
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