Capability

In a military context, Capability is the power to achieve a desired operational effect.

Capability is much more than just the aircraft, or training personnel to operate equipment. Capability describes the optimum combination of the organisation and its required:

  • personnel;
  • collective training;
  • major systems;
  • supplies;
  • facilities and training areas;
  • logistics;
  • support; and
  • command and management.

Together, they need to be able to deliver a sustained effect, at the right time, in the right way, for an extended period.

When a new capability is introduced, it must first go through a series of phases to ensure extensive testing and operational evaluation before it can be declared a capability.

These phases are known as Initial Operational Capability (IOC) and Final Operational Capability (FOC).

The Chief of Air Force is responsible for reporting and declaring IOC and FOC for Air Force capabilities.

Initial Operational Capability (IOC)

IOC can be declared when one or more subsets of the capability can be deployed on operations. IOC considers the personnel, training, major systems, supplies, facilities and training areas, logistics, support, command and management required to deliver the subset of capability required.

Final Operational Capability (FOC)

Final Operational Capability is declared when the entire capability can be deployed on operations. FOC considers the personnel, training, major systems, supplies, facilities and training areas, logistics, support, command and management required to deliver the full capability required.