Australia's train, advise and assist mission in Afghanistan, Operation HIGHROAD, began on 1 January 2015.
It marked the end of Operation SLIPPER, Australia’s commitment to the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force mission in Afghanistan, which had run for 13 years.
The new operation aligns with the NATO-led mission that has transitioned from a combat role to Operation RESOLUTE SUPPORT (train, advise, assist). Importantly, the transition recognises that the Afghan National Security Forces have now taken the lead for all combat operations.
About 400 Australian personnel are deployed on Operation HIGHROAD, including positions within the NATO led mission, mentoring and advisory roles, medical, force protection and logistic support.
Operation RESOLUTE SUPPORT is directed at the ministerial (defence and interior), institutional, and higher command levels of the Afghan security forces.