Air Traffic Control Officers maintain the control of all aircraft movements

Air traffic management is used to manage the safe and orderly flow of aircraft into, out of, and across Australian airspace.

Australia has two providers of Air Traffic Control services—Airservices Australia (Airservices) and the Department of Defence (Defence). All air traffic controllers apply the separation standards detailed in a joint civil-military document the Manual of Air Traffic Services.

Defence is responsible for controlling all of the aircraft operating within military-administered airspace, which includes services to all civilian aircraft in that airspace.

Defence provides air traffic services to civilian aircraft at airports in Newcastle (RAAF Base Williamtown), Townsville (RAAF Base Townsville) and Darwin (RAAF Base Darwin).

From 2018, Australia will be providing air traffic control services using the most advanced and integrated air traffic control system in the world—the Civil Military Air Traffic Management System (CMATS).